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❓ASK What is ICANN?

Hera

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What Is ICANN.jpg

I’m sure many people have wondered what the ICANN really is and why it is important to us. On the other hand, there can be a few of you out there that have no idea at all what ICANN is. Therefore, I decided to write this small tutorial for you and try to help you understand what the ICANN really is and what the functions of ICANN are.

ICANN stands for the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers. This is a non-profit organization that was founded in 1998 to help the US Government to manage and maintain certain functions of the internet’s core infrastructure. So what does all this mean? It means that this non-profit organization maintains the repository of all the IP address that is used in building the internet. This organization will also supply the new IP addresses to new networks. Furthermore, the organization also manages all the domain names systems and the root servers. This is a major job and takes a lot of resources and manpower to do this work. Currently, the ICANN manages over 180 million domain names and over 4 billion network addresses that span over 240 countries.

The ICANN is not responsible for controlling the content that is put online, any type of malware or spam and the access to the internet. The sole function of this office is to maintain the IP address and the domain names only.

So What Are the ICANN Real Responsibilities?

Before you can really understand what the ICANN does, it is necessary to understand the different acronyms first. This makes it a lot easier to understand the functions of this office and what their responsibilities are.

DNS – Domain Name System: This is the global naming system that is currently being used. This will translate the numerical IP address to domain names so that they are easily searched for and found online.

IANA – Internet Assigned Numbers Authority: This is part of the ICANN function and responsibility to perform technical services that are critical to maintaining the DNS. This is an important function the ICANN performs.

NTIA – National Telecommunications and Information Administration: This organization is part of the US Department of Commerce and use to be in charge of overseeing the ICANN. Back in 2016, the NTIA gave the control over to the ICANN.

TLD: Top Level Domain: This is a listing or organization of the .com, .org, different country codes such as .uk, and even mx. These are a listing of the suffixes used in domain names.

Before the ICANN has the authority to manage the DNS through an IANA contract that was granted to them by the US Government. However, in 2016 this all changed in 2016 when the IANA handed this power over to the ICANN. The whole idea behind this change was in hopes that this won’t increase the powers of any government. The new design is to have a shared international control over the DNS. Many people are wondering if the ICANN can make the decisions about a controversial matter that won’t affect or violate the freedom of speech and the freedom of the press.

This one office has so much control over the internet. How do you feel about this?
 

hsukK

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ICANN is somewhat the governing body for certain aspects of the internet (Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers) as the acronym suggests.

They are responsible for the maintenance of Domain Name System (DNS) and Internet Protocol (IP) addresses. So, the fee is a charge for their services.
 

zeljko

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It's organization on world level who organizes, control and register all domains on world. They are main institution on that area and all standards are decided and regulated by that agency.
 

Emoney

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Hope with the advent of Blockchain-based domain name system ICANN will be rendered obsolete and they no longer be able to take down sites.
 
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I think absolute control corrupts absolutely. They are now planning to increase the prices again of .COM.
 

chasiecashe

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I’ve been with this ICANN for 12 years now as my domain names as old as. So far I got no problem over transfering my domain from one registrar to another, pay the ICANN fee (very small), and periodically get email from ICANN to make domain owner verification and everything went ok. No hassle.

Indeed they controlled name registration on the internet, it is centralized. In what purpose I don’t really have any idea. Maybe they are ‘the owner‘ of the internet? Collecting those small fee from thrillions of domain names sure is a serious number.
 

Emoney

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I’ve been with this ICANN for 12 years now as my domain names as old as. So far I got no problem over transfering my domain from one registrar to another, pay the ICANN fee (very small), and periodically get email from ICANN to make domain owner verification and everything went ok. No hassle.

Indeed they controlled name registration on the internet, it is centralized. In what purpose I don’t really have any idea. Maybe they are ‘the owner‘ of the internet? Collecting those small fee from thrillions of domain names sure is a serious number.
No one owns the internet, period. They only control the Domain name system, they still can't touch the likes of darknet or, hopefully in the future, blockchain-based DNS.
 

Rassy011

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I always wondered why domain names can't be permanently owned. Now I guess that's a good reason why.
I think you are wrong domain names can be permanently owned as long as you don't allow the domain name to expire,you can hold on to it for as long as possible
 

UserU

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I think you are wrong domain names can be permanently owned as long as you don't allow the domain name to expire,you can hold on to it for as long as possible
That's pretty much the same as renting. So basically you don't own it permanently like purchasing an virtual item like skins.
 

Emoney

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Note: ICANN has annouced significant changes to a contract with Verisign which will let them increase .com domain prices by 7% each year for four years in a row, then a two year freeze, and then it will repeat. In 10 years prices could increase by 70% and ICANN will get an extra 20 million bucks. ICANN have also ignored previous comments on price caps where 3,500 comments were in support of price controls, and only 6 comments supported removing them, but they still removed them. ICANN are an absolutely disgusting company, and domain registration should not be privatised.
Nothing surprising here. Once a company become big enough, greed will eventually take over, slowly but surely. A war was lost, greed won.
 
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